BATAS PAMBANSA Blg. 41
An Act Further Amending Certain Provisions of the National Internal Revenue Code
Section 1. The titles of subparagraph (B) and (C) of Section 30 (a) (1) of the National Internal Revenue Code are hereby amended to read as follows:
"(B) Limitation of entertainment express for individuals."
"(C) General requirements for entertainment, amusement or recreation."
Section 2. Section 30(a) (1) (D) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby further amended by adding thereto a new subparagraph to read as follows:
"(D) Substantiation required. No deduction shall be allowed under the preceding subparagraphs (B) and (C), unless the taxpayer substantiates with official receipts or by adequate records or by sufficient evidence corroborating his own statement (i) the amount of such expense or other item (ii) the date and place of entertainment, amusement, or recreation, (iii) the business purpose of the expense or other items and (iv) the business relationship to the taxpayer of the persons entertained or using the facility. The Minister of Finance may by regulations provide that some or all of the preceding sentence shall not apply in the case of an expense which does not exceed an amount prescribed pursuant to such regulations."
Section 3. Section 30(d) (1) (A) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(A) If incurred in trade or business: Provided, however, That a loss representing the excess over the income, of allowable expenses and other deductions directly or proximately attributable or related to the production or earning of such income from a particular line of business or activity, shall not be allowed as a deduction from or offset against income derived from other sources: Provided, further, That a net operating loss sustained in a particular line of business or activity within three years after the commencement of such business or activity may, in a manner prescribed by regulations promulgated by the Minister of Finance, be carried over as a deduction from the income derived from the same particular line of business or activity for two (2) consecutive years immediately following the year such loss was sustained."
Section 4. Section 36 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 36. Inventories. Whenever in the judgment of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, the use of inventories is necessary in order to determine clearly the income of any taxpayer, inventories shall be taken by such taxpayer upon such basis as the Minister of Finance may, by regulations, prescribe as conforming as nearly as may be to the best accounting practice in the trade or business and as most clearly reflecting the income.
"If a taxpayer, after having complied with the terms and conditions prescribed by the Commissioner, uses a particular method of valuing its inventory for any taxable year, then such method shall be used in all subsequent taxable year unless:
"(i) with the approval of the Commissioner, a change to a different method is authorized; or
"(ii) the Commissioner finds that the nature of the stock on hand (e.g. its scarcity, liquidity, market-ability and price movements) is such that inventory gains should be considered realized for tax purposes and, therefore, it is necessary to modify the valuation method for purposes of ascertaining the income, profits, or loss in a more realistic manner; Provided, however, That the Commissioner shall not exercise his authority to require a change in inventory method more often than once every three years; and Provided, further, That any change in an inventory valuation method must be subject to approval by the minister of Finance."
Section 5. Paragraph (m) of Section 30 is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(m) Additional requirement for deductibility of certain payments. Any amount paid or payable which is otherwise deductible from, or taken into account in computing, gross income or for which depreciation or amortization may be allowed under this section and Section 29, shall be allowed as a deduction only if its shown that the tax required to be deducted and withheld therefrom has been paid to the Bureau of Internal revenue in accordance with this section. Sections 54 and 93 of this Code."
Section 6. Subparagraph (F) of Section 37(a) (4) of the National Internal Revenue code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(F) Technical advice, assistance or services rendered in connection with technical management or administration of any scientific, industrial or commercial undertaking, venture, project or scheme; and".
Section 7. Paragraph (b) of Section 45 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(b) Where to file. Except in cases where the Commissioner otherwise permits, the return shall be filed with the Revenue District Officer, Collection Agent, or duly authorized Treasurer of the municipality in which such person has his legal residence or principal place of business in the Philippines, or if there be no legal residence or place of business in the Philippines, then with the Office of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue."
Section 8. Paragraph (f) of section 53 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(f) The Minister of Finance may, upon recommendation of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, require also the withholding of a tax at appropriate rates not to exceed thirty-five per centum on amounts payable or paid to persons (natural or juridical) residing in the Philippines by the same persons mentioned in paragraph (b) (1) of this section which shall be credited against the income tax liability of the taxpayer for the taxable year."
Section 9. Section 54 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 54. Returns and payment of taxes withheld at source.
"(a) Quarter return and payment of taxes withheld. Taxes deducted and withheld under Section fifty-three shall be covered by a return and paid to the Revenue District Officer, Collection Agent, or duly authorized Treasurer of the city, or municipality where the withholding agent has his legal residence or principal place of business, or where the withholding agent is a corporation, where the principal office is located. The taxes deducted and withheld by the withholding agent shall be held as a special fund in trust for the Government until paid to the collecting officers. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue may, with the approval of the Minister of Finance, require these withholding agents to pay or deposit the taxes deducted or withheld at more frequent intervals when necessary to protect the interest of the Government. The return for final withholding tax shall be filed and the payment made within 25 days from the close of each calendar quarter, while the return for creditable withholding taxes shall be filed and the payment made not later than the last day of the month following the close of the quarter during which withholding was made.
"(b) Penalties for failure to render returns; for rendering false or fraudulent return; for nonpayment or late payment of taxes withheld. The surcharges prescribed in Section seventy-two and the specific penalties prescribed in Section seventy-three of this Title in cases of failure to render returns, for filing false or fraudulent returns and for failure to pay tax shall apply to failure to file returns or pay the tax required under this Section. In case the taxes deducted and withheld are not paid within the time prescribed, there shall be added a surcharge of five per centum on the amount of tax unpaid and interest at the rate of fourteen per centum per annum from the date the same become due until paid.
"(c) Statement of income payments made and taxes withheld. Every withholding agent required to deduct and withhold taxes under Section fifty-three shall furnish each recipient, in respect to his or its receipts during the calendar quarter or year, a written statement showing the income or other payments made by the withholding agent during such quarter or year, and the amount of the tax deducted and withheld therefrom, simultaneously upon payment at the request of the payee, but not later than the 20th day following the close of the quarter in the case of corporate payee, or not later than March 1 of the following year in the case of individual payee for creditable withholding taxes. For final withholding taxes, the statement should be given to the payee on or before January 31 of the succeeding year.
"(d) Annual returns. Every withholding agent required to deduct and withholding taxes under section fifty-three shall submit to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue a reconciliation statement of quarterly payments and list of payees and income payments. In the case of final withholding taxes, the return shall be filed on or before January 31 of the succeeding taxes, and for creditable withholding taxes, not later than March 1 of the year following the year for which the annual report is being submitted. This return, if made and filed in accordance with regulations approved by the minister of Finance, shall be sufficient compliance with the requirements of Section seventy-seven of this Title in respect to the income payments.
"The Commissioner may, by regulations, grant to any withholding agent a reasonable extension of time to furnish and submit the return required in this subsection.1âwphi1
"(e) Surcharge and interest for failure to deduct and withhold. If the withholding agent, in violation of the provisions of the preceding section and implementing regulations thereunder, fails to deduct and withhold the amount of tax required under said section and regulations, he shall be liable to pay in addition to the tax required to be deducted and withheld, a surcharge of fifty per centum if the failure is due to willful neglect or with intent to defraud the Government, or twenty-five per centum if the failure is not due to such causes, plus interest at the rate of fourteen per centum per annum from the time the tax is required to be withheld until the date of assessment.
"(f) Income of recipient. Income upon which any creditable tax is required to be withheld at the source under Section 53 shall be included in the return of its recipient but any excess of the amount of tax so withheld over the tax due on his return shall be refunded to him subject to the provisions of Section 295; if the income tax collected at source is less than the tax due on his return, the difference shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of Section 51."
Section 10. Section 86 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 86. Place of filing declaration and paying quarterly income tax. Except in cases where the Commissioner otherwise permits, the declaration shall be filed with, and the tax thereon paid to, the Revenue District Officer, or the Collection Agent, or duly authorized Treasurer of the municipality where the individual is residing or in case of a corporation, in which is located its principal office and where its books of accounts and other data from which the return is prepared are kept; in case of an individual who has no legal residence in the Philippines, or a corporation that has no office of any kind or agency in the Philippines, then the returns shall be filed and the tax thereon paid with the Office of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue."
Section 11. Paragraph (c) of Section 153 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(c) Naptha, per liter of volume capacity, fifty centavos; gasoline and all other similar products of distillation, per liter of volume capacity, sixty-two centavos: Provided, That on premium and aviation gasoline the tax shall be sixty-seven centavos and fifty-five centavos, respectively, per liter of volume capacity;"
Section 12. Paragraph (s) of Section 187 of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(s) ‘Real estate broker’ includes any person, other than a real estate salesman as hereinafter defined, who for another, and for a compensation or in the expectation or promise of receiving compensation, (1) sells or offers for sale, buys or offers to buy, lists, or solicits for prospective purchasers, or negotiates the purchase, sale or exchange of real estate or interests therein; (2) or negotiates loans on real estate; (3) or leases or offers to lease or negotiates the sale, purchase or exchange of a lease or rents or places for rent or collects rent from real estate or improvements thereon; (4) or shall be employed by or on behalf of the owner or owners of lots or other parcels of real estate at a stated salary, on commission, or otherwise, to sell such real estate or any parts thereof in lots or parcels. "Real estate salesman" means any natural person regularly employed by a real estate broker to perform in behalf of such broker any or all of the functions of a real estate broker. One act of a character embraced within the above definition shall constitute the person performing or attempting to perform the same as a real estate broker. But the foregoing definitions do not include a person who shall directly perform any of the acts aforesaid with reference to his own property, where such acts are performed in the regular course of or as an incident to the management of such property; nor shall they apply to persons acting pursuant to a duly executed power of attorney from the owner authorizing final consummation by performance of a contract conveying real estate by sale, mortgage or lease; nor shall they apply to a receiver, trustee or assignee in bankruptcy or insolvency, or to any person acting pursuant to the order of any court; nor to a trustee selling under a deed of trust. "Real estate dealer" includes any person engaged in the business of buying, selling, exchanging, leasing, or renting property as principal and holding himself out as a full or part-time dealer in real estate or as an owner of real property or properties rented or offered to rent: Provided, however, That an owner of sugar lands subject to tax under Commonwealth Act Numbered Five hundred and sixty-seven shall not be considered as a real estate dealer under this definition."
Section 13. Section 196(j) of the National Internal Revenue Code is hereby amended to read as follows:
"(j) Air-conditioning units; Provided, however, That in the case of imported air-conditioning units, components and parts, there shall be levied, assessed and collected a tax equivalent to thirty-five per cent based on the landed cost thereof plus mark-up. For purposes of this subparagraph, all air-conditioning units which have not been certified by the Board of Investment as "locally manufactured" shall be deemed to be imported. All imported air-conditioning components and parts other than those which are of common and general use and those which are specifically authorized to be imported under the local content or rationalization program of the Board of Investments for the air-conditioning industry, shall likewise be subject to the thirty-five per cent sales tax herein imposed."
Section 14. This Act shall take effect immediately upon approval hereof.
Approved: September 7, 1979
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