June 11, 2018

G.R. No. 10145




In both their professional and personal lives, lawyers must conduct themselves in such a way that does not reflect negatively upon the legal profession.

Factual Antecedents

This is a Complaint1 filed by complainant Oliver Fabugais (complainant) against Atty. Berardo C. Faundo, Jr. (respondent lawyer), for gross misconduct and conduct unbecoming of a lawyer for having allegedly engaged in illicit and immoral relations with his wife, Annal iza Lizel B. Fabugais (Annaliza).

In her Sinumpaang Salaysay. 2 then 10-year old girl Marie Nicole Fabugais (Marie Nicole), daughter of complainant, alleged that sometime in October 2006, she, along with her mother, Annaliza, Ate Mimi (Michelle Lagasca), and a certain Ate Ada (Ada Ma rie Campos), stayed in a house in Ipil, Zamboanga-Sibugay, that belonged to respondent lawyer, whom Marie Nicole referred to as "Tito Attorney." Marie Nicole said that when night-time fell, respondent lawyer slept in the same bed with her and her mother and that she saw respondent lawyer embracing her mother while they were sleeping.

Marie Nicole further recounted that the next morning, while she was watching television along with her mother, Ate Mimi and Ate Ada, respondent lawyer who just had a shower, and clad only in a towel or "tapis," suddenly entered the room; that she (Marie Nicole) along with her Ate Mimi and her Ate Ada, were told to step outside the room (either by respondent lawyer, or by her mother Annaliza), while her mother and respondent lawyer remained inside the room.

Because of these developments, complainant filed a case for the declaration of nullity of his marriage with Annaliza, with prayer for the custody of their minor children. In said case, respondent lawyer entered his appearance as collaborating counsel for Annaliza.3

Complainant moreover narrated that, on February 17, 2007, while he was driving his motorcycle along the San Jose Road in Baliwasan, Zamboanga City, respondent lawyer, who was then riding in tandem in another motorcycle with his own driver, slowed down next to him (complainant) and yelled at him angrily, "Nah, cosa man?!"("So, what now?!"); that he (complainant) also noticed that respondent lawyer kept following and shouting at him (complainant), and even challenged him to a fistfight, and threatened to kill him.4

Complainant further alleged that respondent lawyer also harassed his sister on February 27, 2007 by chasing and trailing after her car.5

In his Answer,6 respondent lawyer asserted that the chasing incident actually took place on February 16, 2007, and that it was in fact complainant himself who stared menacingly at him (respondent lawyer) while he was riding a motorcycle in tandem with his driver. Respondent lawyer sought to reinforce this assertion through the affidavit of respondent lawyer's driver, Romeo T. Mirasol,7 and two other individuals.8

Respondent lawyer denied that he had had any immoral relations with Annaliza. He claimed that he was merely assisting Annaliza in her tempestuous court battle with complainant for custody of her children. Respondent lawyer asserted that when Marie Nicole's maternal grandmother, Ma. Eglinda L. Bantoto, sought out his help in this case, he told them that they could hide in his (respondent lawyer's) parents' house in Ipil.9

Respondent lawyer claimed that the cordial relationship he had had with Annaliza could be traced to her being the stepdaughter of his (respondent lawyer's) late uncle, and also to her having been his former student at the Western Mindanao State University in Zamboanga City. Respondent lawyer insisted that he was incapable of committing the misconduct imputed to him for three simple reasons to wit: because he is a good father to his three children, because he is a respected civic leader, and because he had never been the subject even of a complaint with the police. He claimed that complainant tiled the instant complaint simply "to harass him from practicing his legitimate profession, and for no other reason."10

Upon recommendation of the IBP-ZAMBASULTA Chapter Board, this case was forwarded to the Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) Board of Governors (BOG) in April 26, 2007. 11 And, in an Order dated August 2, 2007 this case was then consolidated with a similar case filed by the same complainant against the same respondent. 12

Report and Recommendation of tile Investigating Commissioner

In his Report and Recommendation, 13 IBP Investigating Commissioner Dennis A. B. Funa (Investigating Commissioner) found respondent lawyer guilty of violating Rule 1.01 of the Code of Professional Responsibility and recommended his suspension from the practice of law for one (1) month.

The Investigating Commissioner noted that on the accusation that respondent lawyer had chased complainant in his motorcycle on February 17, 2007, this accusation had not been fully substantiated with convincing evidence. He opined that "there [was] doubt as to whether the incident did occur with the [respondent lawyer's] presence and participation. [Since] the motorcycles were moving fast and the parties were wearing helmets[, the] identity of respondent [lawyer] could not be [categorically] established."14

The Investigating Commissioner likewise found no sufficient evidence to establish that respondent lawyer harassed complainant's sister.

However, the Investigating Commissioner found respondent lawyer to have acted inappropriately with Annaliza which created the appearance of immorality, viz.:

As can be gleaned from the records or the hearing, no categorical sexual activity took place between respondent und complainant's wife. One would need to inject a bit of imagination to create an image of something sexual. But as can be read, no sexual activity took place based on the witness' account.

However, it would be erroneous to conclude that respondent's behavior was in total and complete accord with how a lawyer should behave, particularly in the presence or a minor. Was respondent's behavior toward a woman, in the presence of her minor daughter or 11 years, proper and in keeping with the dignity of the legal profession? It is clear that there was impropriety on the part of respondent.

In Tolosa v. Cargo (A.M. NO. 2385, March 8, 1989), the Court held that creating the appearance that a lawyer is flouting with normal standards is sanctionable. Thus, while charge of immortality, viz[.], adulterous relationship, was not factually established, certain behavior of the respondent did not escape notice of the court.

In this case, while sexual immorality was not established, respondent should be held to account for his inappropriate behavior which created the image or appearance or immorality especially in the presence or a minor girl. Respondent's act of lying in bed with another married woman, while he himself is a married man, in the presence of the woman's daughter could raise suspicions, as in fact it did. x x x.

Respondent should have been considerate of the feelings and perceptions of other people, particularly of' minor children. 15

The Investigating Commissioner, thus, recommended respondent lawyer's suspension for one (1) month for violating Rule 1.01 of the Code of Professional Responsibility.

Report and Recommendation of the IBP-BOG

The IBP-BOG in its Resolution No. XIX-2011-30216 adopted and approved the findings and recommendation of the Investigating Commissioner.

Sometime in 2011, complaintís counsel Atty. Mario Frez (Atty. Frez) filed a Notice, Manifestation, and Motion for Withdrawal17 from this case, stating that complaint had passed away on June 12, 2011; and that he was not sure whether complaintís heirs were still willing to pursue the disbarment case against respondent lawyer since he has had no contact with the complainant since June 1, 2009; and he has had no information as to the whereabouts of complainant's heirs.

Notwithstanding the Motion for Withdrawal filed by Atty. Frez and considering the Motion for Reconsideration filed by the respondent lawyer in 2013, the IBP-BOG issued on June 21, 2013 a Resolution18 denying respondent lawyer's motion for reconsideration.

Pursuant to Section 12(c) of Rule 139-B of the Rules of Court, this case is before us for final action.

Our Ruling

We find substantial merit in the findings of facts of the IBP. And we reject respondent lawyer's highly implausible defense that the complainant filed the instant case for no other reason but simply "to harass him from practicing his legitimate profession."19 There is absolutely nothing in the record to support it.

It bears stressing that this case can proceed in spite of complainant's death and the apparent lack of interest on the part of complainant's heirs. Disciplinary proceedings against lawyers are sui generis in nature: they are intended and undertaken primarily to look into the conduct or behavior of lawyers, to determine whether they are still fit to exercise the privileges of the legal profession, and to hold them accountable for any misconduct or misbehavior which deviates from the mandated norms and standards of the Code of Professional Responsibility, all of which are needful and necessary to the preservation of the integrity of the legal profession. Because not chiefly or primarily intended to administer punishment, such proceedings do not call for the active service of prosecutors.20

We first rule on the accusation relative to the chasing incidents. This Court agrees with the IBP's findings that the evidence presented by complainant upon this point was insufficient to establish the fact that respondent lawyer had committed the alleged acts against the complainant and his sister.

We now turn to the accusation in regard to the immoral acts claimed to have been committed by respondent lawyer with complainant's wife Annaliza. The issue to be resolved here is this: Did respondent lawyer in fact commit acts that are grossly immoral, or acts that amount to serious moral depravity, that would warrant or call for ms disbarment or suspension from the practice of law?

"Immoral conduct" has been defined as that conduct which is so willful, flagrant, or shameless as to show indifference to the opinion of good and respectable members of the community. 21 This Court has held that for such conduct to warrant disciplinary action, the same must be "grossly immoral, that is, it must be so corrupt and false as to constitute a criminal act or so unprincipled as to be reprehensible to a high degree."22

It is not easy to stale with accuracy what constitutes "grossly immoral conduct," let alone what constitutes the moral delinquency and obliquity that renders a lawyer unfit or unworthy to continue as a member of the bar in good standing.23

In the present case, going by the eyewitness testimony of complainant's daughter Marie Nicole, raw or explicit sexual immorality between respondent lawyer and complainant's wife was not established as a matter of fact. Indeed, to borrow the Investigating Commissioner's remark:"[o]ne would need to inject a bit of imagination to create an image of something sexual."24

That said, it can in no wise or manner be argued that respondent lawyer's behavior was par for the course for members or the legal profession. Lawyers are mandated to do honor to the bar at all times and to help maintain the respect of the community for the legal profession under all circumstances.25 Canon 7 of the Code of Professional Responsibility provides:

A lawyer shall at all times uphold the integrity and dignity of the legal profession, and support the activities of the Integrated Bar.

Rule 7.03 of the Code or Professional Responsibility fu1ther provides:

A lawyer shall not engage in conduct that adversely reflects on his fitness to practice law, nor should he, whether in public or private life. Behave in a scandalous manner of the discredited of the legal profession.

"There is perhaps no profession alter that of the sacred ministry in which a high-toned morality is more imperative than that of the law."26 As officers of the court, lawyers must in fact and in truth be of good moral character. They must moreover also be seen or appear to be of good moral character; and be seen or appear to - live a life in accordance with the highest moral standards of the community.27 Members of the bar can ill-afford to exhibit any conduct which tends to lessen in any degree the confidence of the public in the fidelity, the honesty, and the integrity of the legal profession.28 The Courts require adherence to these lofty I precepts because any thoughtless or ill-considered actions or actuations by any member of the Bar can irreversibly undermine public confidence in the law and, consequently, those who practice it. 29

The acts complained or in this case might not be grossly or starkly immoral in its rawness or coarseness, but they were without doubt condemnable.1‚wphi1 Respondent lawyer who made avowals to being a respectable father to three children, and also to being a respected leader of his community apparently had no qualms or scruples about being seen sleeping in his own bed with another man's wife, his arms entwined in tender embrace with the latter. Respondent lawyer's claim that he was inspired by nothing but the best of intentions in inviting another married man's wife and her 10-ycar old daughter to sleep with him in the same bed so that the three of them could enjoy a good night's rest in his air conditioned chamber, reeks with racy, ribald humor.

And in aggravation of the aforementioned unseemly behavior, respondent lawyer apparently experienced neither qualms nor scruples at all about exploding into the room occupied by n married man's wife and her 10-year old daughter and their two other women companions clad with nothing else but a "tapis" or a towel. Of course, respondent lawyer sought to downplay this boorish impropriety by saying in his Motion for Reconsideration that he was wearing a malong and not tapis at that time. And, of course, this plea will not avail because his scanty trappings gave him no license to intrude into a small room full of women. Respondent lawyer could have simply asked everyone in the room to step outside for a little while. Or he could have donned his clothing elsewhere. But these things seemed to have been totally lost to respondent lawyer's density. Indeed, respondent lawyer seemed to have forgotten that there are rules other men - decent men, - live by.

Respondent lawyer's defense that he was a "respectable father with three children" and that he was "resp1ected civic leader" to boot, flies in the face of a young girl's perception of his diminished deportment. It does not escape this Court's attention that the 10-year old Marie Nicole called respondent lawyer "Tito Attorney." Indeed, by calling respondent lawyer as "Tito Attorney" Marie Nicole effectively proclaimed her avuncular affection for him, plus her recognition of his being a member of the legal profession. We believe that Marie Nicole must have been a bit disappointed with what she saw and observed about the manners, predilections and propensities of her ''Tito Attorney." In fact, a close examine of Marie Nicole's testimony cannot fail to show that in Marie Nicole's young mind, it was clearly not right, appropriate or proper for her "Tito Attorney" to be sharing the same bed with her and her∑ mother, and for her mother to remain alone in the same room with her "Tito Attorney," while this "Tito Attorney" was dressing up. In all these happenings, a modicum of decency should have impelled this "Tito Attorney" to behave more discreetly mid more sensitively, as he could not have been unaware that Marie Nicole was observing him closely and that she could be forming her impressions of lawyers and the legal profession by the actions and the behavior of this, her "Tito Attorney."

In deciding upon the appropriate sanction to be imposed upon respondent lawyer in this case, this Court is ever mindful that administrative disciplinary proceedings are essentially designed to protect the administration of justice and that this lofty ideal can be attained by requiring that those who are honored by the title "Attorney" and counsel or at law are men and women of undoubted competence, unimpeachable integrity and undiminished professionalism, men and women in whom courts and clients may repose confidence.30 This Cou1t moreover realizes only too well that the power to disbar or suspend members of the bar ought always to be exercised not in a spirit or spite, hostility or vindictiveness, but on the preservative and corrective principle, with a view to safeguarding the purity of the legal profession. Hence, that power can be summoned only in the service of the most compelling duty, which must be performed, in light of incontrovertible evidence of grave misconduct, which seriously taints the reputation and character of the lawyer as an officer of the court and as a member of the Bar.31 ft goes without saying moreover that it should not be exercised or asse1ted when a lesser penalty or sanction would accomplish the end desired.32

In the context of the circumstances obtaining in this case, and hewing to jurisprudential precedence, and considering furthermore that this is respondent lawyer's first offense, this Court believes that a one-month suspension from the practice of law, as recommended by the IBP, would suffice.

WHEREFORE, premises considered, respondent lawyer Atty. Berardo C. Faundo, Jr. is hereby SUSPENDED from the practice of law for one (1) month, reckoned from receipt of a copy of this Decision. He is hereby WARNED to be more careful and more circumspect in all his actions, and to be mindful of the kind of example he holds up, especially to impressionable young people, lest he brings upon himself a direr fate the second time around.

Let a copy of this Decision be entered into the personal records of Atty. Berardo C. Faundo, Jr. as a member of the Bar, and copies furnished the office of the Bar Confidant, the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, and the office of the Court Administration for circulation to all courts in the country.


Associate Justice


Associate Justice

Associate Justice
(On official leave)
Associate Justice

Associate Justice


*Per Special Order No. 2559 dated May 11, 2018.

** On official leave.

*** Per Special Order No. 2560 dated May 11, 2018.

1 Rollo, pp. 7-9.

2 Id. at 287-289.

3 Id. at 222-223.

4 Id. at 220.

5 Id. at 221-222.

6 Id. at 75-83.

7 Id. at 92.

8 Id. at 88-91.

9 Id. at 277-278.

10 Id. at 82.

11 Resolution No.5, series of 2007. Id. at 2

12 Id. at 285.

13 Id. at 517-525.

14 Id. al 520.

15 Id. at 520-524.

16 Id. al 516.

17 Id. at 542-544.

18 Id. at 547-548.

19 Id. at 82.

20 Gonzalez v. Atty. Alcaraz, 534 Phil. 47 I, 482 (2006). See also Gatchalian Promotions Talents Pools, Inc. v. Atty. Naldoza, 374 Phil. 1, 10-11 (1999).

21 Blackís Law Dictionary 6th edition, citing In re Monaghan 126 Vl. 53, 222 A.2d 665, 674, See also Ui v. Atty. Bonifacio, 388 Phil 691, 706 (2000)

22 Ui v. Atty. Bonifacio, 388 Phil. 691, 707 (2000)

23 Advincula v. Atty. Macabata, 546 Phil. 431, 442 (2007)

24 Rollo, p. 556.

25 Burbe v. Atty. Magulta, 432 Phil, 840 (200), citing R. Agpalo, Legal Ethics, 1997 ed., p. 156.

26 Tapucar v. Atty. Tapucar, 355 Phil. 66, 72 (1998), citing Ruben Agpalo, legal Ethics 4th ed. (1989), p.22

27 Tolosa v. Cargo, 253 Phil. 154 (19889): Barrientos v. Daarol. 291-A Phil. 33, 44 (1993); Narag v. Atty. Narag 353 Phil. 643, 655(1998), Ui v. Atty. Bonifacio, supra note 23: Zaguirre v. Atty. Castillo, 446 Phil. 861, 869 (2003)

28 Sipin-Nabor v. Atty. Baterina, 412 Phil, 419-424 (2001)

29 Ducat, Jr. v. Atty. Villadon Jr. 392 Phil. 391-403 (2000)

30 Ting-Dumali v. Atty. Torres, 471 Phil. 1. 14(2001) citing In Re Macdougall, 3 Phil. 70 (1903)

31 Pangasinan Electric Cooperative Inc. v. Atty. Montemayor, 559 Phil. 438, 445-446 (2007)

32 Soriano v. Dizon, 515 Phil. 635-647 (2006)

The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation