Republic of the Philippines
CONGRESS OF THE PHILIPPINES
Second Regular Session
Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-fifth day of July, two thousand eleven.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10178
AN ACT GRANTING THE RELIANCE BROADCASTING UNLIMITED, INC. A FRANCHISE TO CONSTRUCT, INSTALL, ESTABLISH, OPERATE AND MAINTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION BROADCASTING STATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
Section 1. Nature and Scope of Franchise. Subject to the provisions of the Constitution and applicable laws, rules and regulations, there is hereby granted to Reliance Broadcasting Unlimited, Inc., hereunder referred to as the grantee, its successors or assigns, a franchise to construct, install, establish, operate and maintain for commercial purposes and in the public interest, radio and television broadcasting stations in the Philippines, where frequencies and/or channels are still available for radio and television broadcasting, including digital radio and television systems, IP-related services and IP-value-added services, through microwave, satellite or whatever means, including the use of any new technologies in radio and television systems, with the corresponding technological auxiliaries and facilities, special broadcast and other program and distribution services and relay stations.
Section 2. Manner of Operation of Stations or Facilities. The stations or facilities of the grantee shall be constructed and operated in a manner as will, at most, result only in the minimum interference on the wavelengths or frequencies of existing stations or other stations which may be established by law, without in any way diminishing its own right to use its selected wavelengths or frequencies and the quality of transmission or reception thereon as should maximize the rendition of the grantees services and/or the availability thereof.
Section 3. Prior Approval of the National Telecommunications Commission. The grantee shall secure from the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) the appropriate permits and licenses for the construction and operation of its stations and facilities and shall not use any frequency in the radio/television spectrum without having been authorized by the Commission. The Commission, however, shall not unreasonably withhold or delay the grant of any such authority.
Section 4. Responsibility to the Public. The grantee shall provide adequate public service time to enable the government, through the said broadcasting stations or facilities, to reach the population on important public issues; provide at all times sound and balanced programming; assist in the functions of public information and education; conform to the ethics of honest enterprise: and not use its stations or facilities for the broadcasting of obscene and indecent language, speech, actor scene; or for the dissemination of deliberately false information or willful misrepresentation, to the detriment of the public interest or to incite, encourage or assist in subversive or treasonable acts.
Section 5. Right of Government. A special right, is hereby reserved to the President of the Philippines, in times of war, rebellion, public peril, calamity, emergency, disaster or disturbance of peace and order, to temporarily take over and operate the stations or facilities of the grantee, to temporarily suspend the operation of any station or facility in the interest of public safety, security and public welfare, or to authorize the temporary use and operation thereof by any agency of the government, upon due compensation to the grantee, for the use of said stations or facilities during the period when they shall be so operated.
The radio spectrum is a finite resource that is part of the national patrimony and the use thereof is a privilege conferred upon the grantee by the State and may be withdrawn anytime after due process.
Section 6. Term of Franchise. This franchise shall be in effect for a period of twenty-five (25) years, unless sooner revoked or cancelled. This franchise shall be deemed ipso facto revoked in the event the grantee fails to comply with any of the following conditions:
(a) Commence operations within one (1) year from the approval of its operating permit, by the NTC;
(b) Operate continuously for two (2) years; and
(c) Commence operations within three (3) years from the effectivity of this Act.
Section 7. Acceptance and Compliance. Acceptance of this franchise shall be given in writing within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act. Upon giving such acceptance, the grantee shall exercise the privileges granted under this Act. Nonacceptance shall render the franchise void.
Section 8. Bond. The grantee shall file a bond with the NTC in the amount that the NTC shall determine to guarantee compliance with and fulfillment of the conditions under which this franchise is granted. If, after three (3) years from the date of the approval of its permit by the Commission, the grantee shall have fulfilled the same, the bond shall be cancelled by the Commission. Otherwise, the bond shall be forfeited in favor of the government and the franchise ipso facto revoked.
Section 9. Self-regulation by and Undertaking of the Grantee. The grantee shall not require any previous censorship of any speech, play, act or scene, or other matter to be broadcast from its stations: Provided, That the grantee, during any broadcast, shall cut off from the air the speech, play, act or scene, or other matter being broadcast if the tendency thereof is to propose and/or incite treason, rebellion or sedition; or the language used therein or the theme thereof is indecent or immoral: Provided, further, That willful failure to do so shall constitute a valid cause for the cancellation of this franchise.
Section 10. Warranty in Favor of National and Local Governments. The grantee shall hold the national, provincial, city and municipal governments of the Philippines harmless from all claims, accounts, demands or actions arising out of accidents or injuries, whether to property or to persons, caused by the construction or operation of the stations of the grantee.
Section 11. Nontransferability of Franchise. The grantee shall not lease, transfer, grant the usufruct of, sell nor assign this franchise or the rights and privileges acquired thereunder to any person, firm, company, corporation or other commercial or legal entity, nor merge with any other corporation or entity, nor shall the controlling interest of the grantee be transferred, whether as a whole or in parts and whether simultaneously or contemporaneously, to any such person, firm, company, corporation or entity without the prior approval of the Congress of the Philippines. The conditions, terms, restrictions and limitations set by this Act shall be imposed on any person or entity to which this franchise is sold, transferred or assigned.
Section 12. Dispersal of Ownership. In accordance with the constitutional provision to encourage public participation in public utilities, the grantee shall offer at least thirty per centum (30%) or a higher percentage that may hereafter be provided by law of its outstanding capital stock in any securities exchange in the Philippines within five (5) years from the time it has achieved the status of a national broadcasting network. A "national broadcasting network" is hereby defined as one that operates three (3) or more radio and/or television stations. Noncompliance therewith shall render the franchise ipso facto revoked.
Section 13. Equality Clause. Any advantage, favor. privilege, exemption or immunity granted under existing franchise, or which may hereafter be granted for radio and television broadcasting, shall ipso facto become part of this franchise and shall be accorded immediately and unconditionally to the herein grantee: Provided, however, That the foregoing shall neither apply to nor affect the provisions of broadcasting franchises concerning territory covered by the franchise, the life span of the franchise or the type of service authorized by the franchise.
Section 14. General Broadcast Policy Law. The grantee shall comply with and be subject to the provisions of a general broadcast policy law, which Congress may hereafter enact.
Section 15. Reportorial Requirement. The grantee shall submit an annual report to the Congress of the Philippines on its compliance with the terms and conditions of the franchise and on its operations within sixty (60) days from the end of every year.
Section 16. Separability Clause. If any of the sections or provisions of this Act is held invalid, all the other provisions not affected thereby shall remain valid.
Section 17. Repealability and Nonexclusivity Clause. This franchise shall be subject to amendment, alteration or repeal by the Congress of the Philippines when the public interest so requires and shall not be interpreted as an exclusive grant of the privileges herein provided for.
Section 18. Effectivity Clause. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication, upon the initiative of the grantee, in at least two (2) newspapers of general circulation in the Philippines.
|(Sgd.) FELICIANO BELMONTE JR.
Speaker of the House of Representatives
|(Sgd.) JUAN PONCE ENRILE
President of the Senate
This Act which originated in the House of Representatives was finally passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate on January 24, 2012 and June 4, 2012, respectively.
(Sgd.) MARILYN B. BARUA-YAP
House of Representatives
(Sgd.) EMMA LIRIO-REYES
Secretary of Senate
Approved: SEP 21 2012
(Sgd.) BENIGNO S. AQUINO III
President of the Philippines
The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation