Republic of the Philippines
SUPREME COURT
Manila

EN BANC

G.R. No. L-46065             August 9, 1938

PABLO C. CORTES, ET AL., petitioners,
vs.
SIXTO DE LA COSTA, Judge of First Instance of Rizal, ET AL., respondents.

M.A. Zarcal for petitioners.
Felix Blanco in his own behalf.
Jose D. Villena for other respondents.

LAUREL, J.:

This is a petition for mandamus to compel the respondent judge of the Court of First Instance of Rizal to proceed with the hearing of the election contest filed against the other respondents by the petitioners herein. Petitioner Pablo C. Cortes and respondents Deogracias Luciano, Sabino Gutierrez, and Irineo Aviado were candidates, in the elections held on December 14, 1937, for the office of municipal vice-mayor of Makati, Rizal. The other petitioners and the other respondents, except the respondent judge, were candidates, in the same elections, for the office of councilor, in the same municipality and province. A motion of protest was filed in time by the petitioners herein but was dismissed by the respondent judge, upon motion by the protestees (the other respondent herein), on the ground of failure to allege the jurisdictional fact that the said protestees were proclaimed elected candidates. Reconsideration of the order of dismissal was sought but was refused.

The respondent judge correctly states that failure to allege in the motion of protest that the protestees were proclaimed elected candidates is fatal to the protest. (Manalo vs. Sevilla, 24 Phil., 609; Ferrer vs. Gutierrez David and Lucot, 43 Phil., 795; Yumul vs. Palma, 52 Phil., 412; Saldana vs. Consunji, 52 Phil., 433.) An examination of the motion of protest, however, shows that it contains allegations from which the jurisdictional fact of proclamation may be clearly inferred. In paragraph 4 of the motion, it is alleged:

4. Que, en la proclamacion verificada por la Junta Municipal de Escrutinio en 18 de diciembre de 1937, aparacen los siguientes votos a favor de los recurrentes y recurridos respectivamente:

RECURRENTES


Votes
Pablo C. Cortes ...............................................................................1,773
Marcos Concepcion ........................................................................1,009
Dionisio Afable ................................................................................996
Tomas Gonzalez .............................................................................1,008
Ventura Canilao ..............................................................................900
Fidel Dionisio ...................................................................................965
Tomas Estacio ................................................................................845
Maximo Arcangel .............................................................................750
Monico Policarpio ............................................................................796

RECURRIDOS

Deogracias Luciano ........................................................................2,017
Sabino Gutierrez ...............................................................................610
Irineo Aviado .....................................................................................662
Felix Blanco ......................................................................................1,781
Diego Benito ....................................................................................1,681
Amado E. Diaz .................................................................................1,628
Martin Santos ..................................................................................1,478
Pedro Santiago ...............................................................................1,369
Luis Anastacio ................................................................................1,365
Eliseo Viray .....................................................................................1,164
Jose Cunanan ................................................................................1,095

From the foregoing portion of the motion of protest, it is obvious that the victorious candidates were the protestees, except Sabino Gutierrez and Irineo Aviado, and that said candidates were duly proclaimed. The language used could have been more clear and precise but the fact of proclamation of the protestees is there. Precision in pleadings is desirable but it is not to be strictly required. A single fact may be alleged in different ways with the same effect.1vvphl.nt

The writ prayed for is hereby granted, without any pronouncement regarding costs. So ordered.

Avancea, C.J., Villa-Real, Aba Santos, Imperial, Diaz and Concepcion, JJ., concur.


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