WHEREAS, Section 19, Article VII of the 1987 Constitution expressly authorizes the President of the Republic of the Philippines to grant amnesty;

WHEREAS, by virtue of Proclamation No. 75, series of 2010, an amnesty was granted to all active and former personnel of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and Philippine National Police as well as their supporters who have or may have committed crimes punishable under the Revised Penal Code, the Articles of War or other laws in connection with, in relation or incident to, the July 27, 2003 Oakwood Mutiny, the February 2006 Marines Stand-off and the November 29, 2007 Manila Peninsula Incident who shall apply therefor, provided that amnesty shall not cover rape, acts of torture , crimes against chastity, and other crimes committed for personal ends;

WHEREAS, a Section 2 of Proclamation No. 75, series of 2010, an Ad Hoc Committee of the Department of National Defense (DND) was tasked with receiving and processing applications, including opposition thereto, if any, for amnesty pursuant to this proclamation and determining whether applicants are entitled to amnesty pursuant to this proclamation. The final decisions or determination of the DND shall be appealable to the Office of the President by any party to the application;

WHEREAS, Proclamation No. 75, series of 2010 provides that the concerned AFP and PNP personnel and their supporters are required to file an application for amnesty under oath with the Department of National Defense (DND) ad hoc Committee;

WHEREAS, Section 5, 6 and 11 of the DND Amnesty Committee (DND-AC) Circular No. 1 dated December 21, 2010, "The Rules and Procedures in the processing of Amnesty Applications pursuant to Proclamation No. 75, series of 2010," requires the applicants to personally fill up and file the Official Amnesty Application Form and expressly admit their guilt for the crimes committed during the Oakwood Mutiny, the Marines Stand-Off , and the Manila Peninsula Incident. DND-AC Circular No. 1 further requires the applicants to recall all previous statements inconsistent with the requirement of admission of that guilt;

WHEREAS, Section 14 of DND-AC Circular No. 1 mandates the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, JI, AFP, to provide and create a Secretariat to provide administrative assistance to the Committee in receiving and processing of applications for amnesty and any opposition thereto and the recording of minutes, reception of evidence and other documents presented during deliberations and hearings;

WHEREAS, the Supreme Court in the case of People of the Philippines vs. Vera et al,1 declared that a previous admission of guilt is necessary in amnesty since the invocation of amnesty in the nature of a plea of confession and avoidance, which means that the pleader admits the allegations against him but disclaims liability therefor on account of intervening facts which, if proved, would bring the crime charged within the scope of the amnesty proclamation";

WHEREAS, at the time Proclamation No. 75 Series of 2010 was issued former LTSG Antonio Trillanes IV. O-11797 PN, was facing trial for non-bailable offense of coup d e'tat in Criminal Case No. 03-2784 pending with the Regional Trial Court , Makati City Branch 148;

WHEREAS, at the time Proclamation No. 75, series of 2010 was issued former LTSG Antonio Trillanes IV, O-11979 PN, was also facing trial before the Military Tribunal of Mutiny or Sedition, Conduct Unbecoming an Officer and Gentleman, and all disorders and neglects to the prejudicice of good order and military discipline, and all conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the military service defined and penalized under Commonwealth Act No. 408, as Amended, otherwise known as the Article of War;

WHEREAS, former LTSG Antonio Trillanes IV, O-11979 PN, a grantee under Proclamation No 75, did not file an Official Amnesty Application Form as per the Certification dated August 30, 2018 issued by Lt. Col. Thea Joan N. Andrade, Chief Discipline, Law and Order Division of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel, J1, stating that there is no available copy of his application for amnesty in the records";

WHEREAS, former LTSG Antonio Trillanes, IV, O-11979 PN, never expressed his guilt for the crimes that were not admitting guilt to the mutiny and copu d e'tat charges lodged against them both in the civil and military courts" and "I would like to qualify that we did not admit to the charge of coup d e'tat or anything na i-finile sa amin kasi we believe na hindi iyon and nararapat na I-charge sa amin2";

WHEREAS, despite former LTSG Trillanes IV's failure to apply for amnesty and refusal to admit his guilt, his name was nonetheless included among those granted amnesty pursuant to DND Ad Hoc Committee Resolution No. 2 approved by former Secretary of National Defense Voltaire T. Gazmin;

NOW, THEREFORE, I RODRIGO ROA DUTERTE, President of the Philippines, bu virtue vested in me by Section 19, Article VII of the Philippine Constitution, do hereby DECLARE and PROCLAIM:

Section 1. The grant of amnesty to former LTSG Antonio Trillanes IV under Proclamation No. 75 is declared void ad initio because he did not comply with the minimum requirements to qualify under the Amnesty Proclamation.

Section 2. Effects.

1. As a consequence, the Department of Justice and Court Martial of the Armed Forces of the Philippines are ordered to pursue all criminal and administrative cases filed against former LTSG Antonio Trillanes, IV in relation to the Oakwood Mutiny and the Manila Peninsula Incident.

2. The Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police are ordered to employ all lawful means to apprehend former LTSG Antonio Trillanes so that he can be recommitted to the detention facility where he had been incarcerated for him to stand trial for the crimes he charged with.

Section 3. Effectivity. This Proclamation shall take effect immediately.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have signed this Proclamation and caused the seal of the Republic of the Philippines to be affixed to it.

DONE in the City of Manila, this 31st day of August, in the year of our Lord, Two Thousand and Eighteen

Republic of the Philippines

By President:

Executive Secretary

The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation